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SPCI - Sociedade Portuguesa de Cuidados Intensivos

Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva

AMIB - Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira

OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE MEDICINA INTENSIVA AND THE SOCIEDADE PORTUGUESA DE CUIDADOS INTENSIVOS

ISSN: 0103-507X
Online ISSN: 1982-4335

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Forgiarini Junior LA, Galant LH, Ibrahim SG. Influência da força da musculatura periférica no sucesso da decanulação. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2011;23(3):380-381

 

 

2011;23(3):380-381
Letter to the Editor

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-507X2011000300018

Influence of peripheral muscle strength on the decannulation success rate

Influência da força da musculatura periférica no sucesso da decanulação

Luiz Alberto Forgiarini JuniorI, Lucas Homercher GalantII, Soraia Genebra IbrahimIII

ICentro Universitário Metodista IPA - Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil; Postgraduate Program (PhD Level) in Pulmonology, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS - Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil
IIPostgraduate Program (MSc Level) in Hepatology, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre - Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil
IIIAdult Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Moinhos de Vento - Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil

Corresponding author:

Luiz Alberto Forgiarini Junior
Avenida Wenceslau Escobar 1086/916 - Bairro Tristeza
Zip Code: 91900-000 - Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil
Phone: +55 51 9136-5947
E-mail: [email protected]

 

 

Dear Editor,

We would like to congratulate the authors of the study titled "Influence of peripheral muscle strength on the decannulation success rate", recently published in this journal.(1) This is a very relevant subject for those who care for chronic tracheotomy intensive care patients.

A number of studies in the literature are aimed at the identification of decannulation success or failure indicators and guidance for weaning chronic patients from the ventilator. Martin et al.(2) have shown that chronically ventilated patients are weak and deconditioned and that admission upper-limb strength is inversely related to the time required for mechanical ventilation weaning. Both the findings from this study and those from Lima(1) demonstrate the importance of establishing a specific training protocol for chronic ventilation tracheotomy patients.

To assess the impact of a rehabilitation program on successful weaning of tracheotomy patients from mechanical ventilation, Clini et al.(3) conducted a prospective trial; 48 hours after admission to the intensive care unit (ICU), patients underwent peripheral muscle training schedules with daily increments, 6 days a week. Muscle training in this population was shown to increase the daily life activity score; this score is associated with survival and successful weaning. Notably, the lastissimus dorsi performance on Kendall's test is an independent predictor of improved performance.

Importantly, the study is of an observational and retrospective nature, thus limiting standardized assessment of the variables and physiotherapy provided to each patient. In addition, the study fails to address the underlying disease, mentioning only comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and sepsis. This fact may have influenced the decannulation failure rates. This is evidenced by the study by Mamary et al.,(4) which assessed factors that influenced chronically ventilated patient outcomes. That study has shown that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) had an increased risk of failed weaning due to the limiting systemic conditions that are part of this disease process as well as the influence of the length of the ICU stay.

Therefore, longitudinal trials are warranted to assess these issues and to analyze their influence on the decannulation process. Once again, we highlight the relevance of the discussed study.

 

Sincerely,
Luiz Alberto Forgiarini Junior
Lucas Homercher Galant
Soraia Genebra Ibrahim

 

REFERENCES

1. Lima CA, Siqueira TB, Travassos EF, Macedo CMG, Bezerra AL, Paiva Júnior MDS, et al. Influência da força da musculatura periférica no sucesso da decanulação. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2011;23(1):56-61.

2. Martin UJ, Hincapie L, Nimchuk M, Gaughan J, Criner GJ. Impact of whole-body rehabilitation in patients receiving chronic mechanical ventilation. Crit Care Med. 2005;33(10):2259-65.

3. Clini EM, Crisafulli E, Antoni FD, Beneventi C, Trianni L, Costi S, et al. Functional recovery following physical training in tracheotomized and chronically ventilated patients. Respir Care. 2011;56(3):306-13.

4. Mamary AJ, Kondapaneni S, Vance GB, Gaughan JP, Martin UJ, Criner GJ. Survival in patients receiving prolonged ventilation: factors that influence outcome. Clin Med Insights Circ Respir Pulm Med. 2011;5:17-26.

 

 

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