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SPCI - Sociedade Portuguesa de Cuidados Intensivos

Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva

AMIB - Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira

OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE MEDICINA INTENSIVA AND THE SOCIEDADE PORTUGUESA DE CUIDADOS INTENSIVOS

ISSN: 0103-507X
Online ISSN: 1982-4335

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Chan S, Faria C, Alçada F. Endocardite infeciosa da válvula tricúspide. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2018;30(2):249-250

 

 

2018;30(2):249-250
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

10.5935/0103-507X.20180026

Infective endocarditis of the tricuspid valve

Endocardite infeciosa da válvula tricúspide

Sónia Chan1, Catarina Faria2, Filipa Alçada2

Medical Unit 1, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria - Leiria, Portugal.
Medical Unit 2, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria - Leiria, Portugal.

Conflicts of Interest: None.

Submitted on November 12, 2017
Accepted on December 27, 2017

Corresponding Author: Sónia Chan, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria, Luis Braille, 79 - piso menos 2b, Leiria 2410-371, Portugal, E-mail: sonialittlehouse@gmail.com

 

To the Editor

Infectious endocarditis of the tricuspid valve is rare(1,2) and is usually associated with the use of injectable drugs and the manipulation of intravenous devices.(1-3)

The authors reported the case of a 37-year-old man with drug addiction and hepatitis C, presenting with acute fever, dyspnea, and hemoptysis. At hospital admission, the patient was confused, panting, feverish, tachycardic, and hypotensive. The respiratory murmur was diminished, and he had crackles in the left lung base on auscultation.

Laboratory analysis revealed leukocytosis with neutrophilia, elevated C-reactive protein, thrombocytopenia, renal damage, metabolic acidosis with acidemia, hyperkalemia, and hyperlactatemia. The patient had bilateral pulmonary condensations and left pleural effusion on chest X-ray (Figure 1A).

Figure 1 - Chest X-ray.

The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit for toxic shock with multiple organ dysfunction. During hospitalization, an echocardiogram was performed, which revealed a mobile vegetation 20mm in diameter in the tricuspid valve (Figure 2). Subsequently, methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from blood cultures.

Figure 2 - Transthoracic echocardiogram.

Despite the instituted targeted antibiotic therapy, the patient progressed unfavorably. In addition to inotropic and ventilatory support, renal replacement therapy was required. Pulmonary condensations evolved into multiple cavitated lesions, recurrent pneumothorax, and extensive subcutaneous emphysema (Figures 1B and 3).

Figure 3 - Chest computerized tomography.

S. aureus is the most common agent in infectious endocarditis associated with injection drug use.(1-3) Fever, pulmonary embolism, and bacteremia are signs of right infective endocarditis.(1-3) Pulmonary events are present in 80% of cases,(1-3) and anemia and hematuria may also be present.(1) Heart murmur appears only at an advanced stage of the disease.(1)

Sónia Chan
Medical Unit 1, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria - Leiria, Portugal.
Catarina Faria
Medical Unit 2, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria - Leiria, Portugal.
Filipa Alçada
Medical Unit 2, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria - Leiria, Portugal.

REFERENCES

Heydari AA, Safari H, Sarvghad MR. Isolated tricuspid valve endocarditis. Int J Infect Dis. 2009;13(3):e109-11. Link DOILink PubMed
Deser SB, Demirag MK. Isolated tricuspid valve infective endocarditis: a rare entity. Med Case Rep. 2016;2(4):1-2.
Ozkara C, Dogan OF, Furat C. Isolated tricuspid valve infective endocarditis in young drug abusers. World J Cardiovasc Dis. 2012;2:201-3. Link DOI

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